Water Solutions for Refineries and Other Petrochemical Processes
REMOVE OILS &
GREASE FROM WATER
Oil refineries are indispensable in producing fuels and other essential products. Refineries make steam and use water for cooling systems, cleaning equipment, and treatments such as stripping and desalting. Wastewaters are often challenging to treat or dispose of, some having come into direct contact with the hydrocarbon products.
However, these wastewaters can be recycled internally, with increased recovery and lower costs than possible in the past. Saltworks can help to:
- Filter suspended solids & hydrocarbons
- Selectively remove chlorides & dissolved solids
- Target contaminants such as heavy metals, scaling ions, & ammonia.
- Treat water for discharge
- Recycle cooling tower blowdown with >98% recovery
- Reduce brine volume, even to minimal liquid discharge (MLD) or zero liquid discharge (ZLD).
Process Water & Brine Management
Saltworks’ brine management solutions can produce clean water from reverse osmosis brines, ion exchange regeneration wastes, and other concentrated saline waters. Our experts can help you to understand your brine minimization options, and the costs involved in taking each incremental step.
After membrane system recovery has been optimized, our thermal desalination solutions from the SaltMaker family of modular, fully packaged industrial evaporator-crystallizers can help you to achieve minimal (MLD) or zero liquid discharge (ZLD). Refineries also often have low grade heat sources, which can lower the cost of our wasteheat driven SaltMaker options.
Chlorides and Desalters
Many crude oils contain chlorides, which must be washed out prior to refining into its valued byproducts. Desalters are a common unit operation wherein crude oil is washed with low salinity water, moving the chlorides from the crude to the water.
Traditionally this wastewater must be blown-down (released somewhere) and replaced with freshwater. It is now possible to selectively remove chlorides from the wastewater and recycle it back to the desalter. Hydrocarbon byproducts can be left in the wastewater as they do not hinder the process. This avoids complex processing steps and enables higher recovery.
Flex EDR Selective chloride removal systems act like a kidney in your wastewater circuit: pulling chlorides (and its counter cation) from a solution.
Saltworks’ XtremeUF ultrafiltration system uses robust, industry-standard ceramic membranes to remove particles, oils, and grease >0.05 µm. XtremeUF is packaged in a well-engineered and intelligently automated skid that keeps membranes clean and performing as it operates.
XtremeUF can treat highly impaired waters where polymeric ultrafiltration cannot cope, or where DAF, flocculation, clarification systems are too large or present air emission risks. XtremeUF can offer:
- Compact, resilient processes less susceptible to changing operating conditions
- Higher quality output water with less slip of smaller particles, ensuring you meet your discharge standards
- Zero coagulant addition, reducing chemical consumption and fouling potential of any downstream membrane assets
- Increased capacity per unit footprint
Depending on the application—and with consideration of the above three points—Saltworks may recommend the use of traditional processes, or XtremeUF. We can take a look at your application and arm you with technical and economic information to make an informed assessment, or offer a pilot program to prove performance.
Heavy metals such as arsenic (As), nickel (Ni), and cobalt (Co) can also be removed with our BrineRefine chemical precipitation and filtration solution. Production of amorphous solids from these processes requires a high rate of slurry thickening and pressing to ensure sound water recovery and economics.
The plant must react to process condition changes, remain clean (unplugged), online, and reliably extract solids. Our intelligently automated BrineRefine system achieves these goals, easing operator burden and lowering costs. BrineRefine can achieve 100% water recovery in heavy metal removal applications, generating solid filter cake as the only waste product.
Petrochemical Industry Related Products
BrineRefine Chemical Softening System
Smart, compact, modular chemical softening system that reduces costs with precision dosing and built-in solids management. Improves recovery and minimizes fouling risk with intelligent controls that communicate with downstream assets, like RO or evaporators.
Next-generation water-maker and brine-concentrator based on reverse osmosis that achieves extreme freshwater recoveries, enabling cost-effective brine management and treatment of challenging organic-laden waters including oil & gas produced waters.
An ultra-robust ceramic based ultrafilter that can remove suspended solids, oils, and grease from the most challenging slurries and impacted wastewaters. XtremeUF cleans itself as it operates, to ensure your membranes maintain performance.
Petrochemical Industry Related Resources
Saltworks completed two successful live oil field pilots, desalinating enhanced oil recovery (EOR) produced water. The objectives were to lower the clients’ polymer consumption costs and improve the quality of injection water, in order to improve hydrocarbon recovery and lower operating cost. These objectives were met, with over 97% up-time.
This article introduces a new type of ceramic membrane system and explains how it opens the application range. An example of treatment of oil and grease in produced water is provided.